United Nations’ Summit on Sustainable Development 17 Goals

Introduction

The United Nations Sustainable Development Summit for the adoption of the Agenda-2030 and the sustainable development goals were detained through three significant days in New York, 25-27 Sep 2015. In the lead-up to the Summit, the UN Secretariat, complete its Division for Sustainable Development of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA-DSD), launched Partnerships for SDGs- an online platform to spur partnership engagement in support of the sustainable development goals, Born out of the RIO+20 Conference through paragraph 283 of “the Future We Want” upshot document, the platform has been energized in preparation for the Agenda 2030, with the 17 sustainable development goals at its fundamental. The identified SDGs are:

Sustainable Development 17 Goals 

GOAL

PURPOSE

1

End poverty in all its forms everywhere

 

2

End hunger, achieve food security, and improved nutrition and promote

 

3

Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

 

4

Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

 

5

Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

 

6

Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

 

7

Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

 

8

Promote sustained, inclusive, and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment, and decent work for all

 

9

Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable Industrialization and foster innovation

 

10

Reduce inequality within and among countries

 

11

Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

 

12

Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

 

13

Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

 

14

Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas, and marine resources for sustainable development

 

15

Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

 

16

Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all, and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels

 

17

Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development

 

Sustainable Development with Example

Sustainable Development 17 Goals
Sustainable Development 17 Goals

Introduction to Sustainable Development Goals

The year 2016 presents an unprecedented opportunity to bring countries and citizens of the world together to board on a new path to improve the lives of people universally. Countries have adopted a new sustainable development plan and a global agreement on climate change. On January 1st, 2016, 2017 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda adopted by world leaders were adopted in September 2015 at a United Nations historical conference. Over the next 15 years, with these new Goals applicable to all, countries will advance efforts to eradicate all forms of poverty, fight inequality, and address climate change, while ensuring that no one is left unpaid.

The SDGs build on the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and aim to further eradicate all forms of poverty. The new goals are different because they want all countries, the poor, the rich, and the middle, to improve prosperity while protecting the planet. They recognize that poverty reduction must go hand in hand with strategies that promote economic growth and address many social needs, including education, health, social security, and job opportunities while addressing climate change and environmental protection. Although the SDGs are not lawfully requisite, governments are expected to take possession and establish national structures to attain 17 goals. Countries have a primary responsibility to monitor and review the progress made towards achieving the goals, which will require the collection of quality, accessible and timely data. Regional monitoring and review will be based on national-level analysis and will contribute to global monitoring and review. 17 goals are shown in the diagram above.

Implementation Mechanism of Sustainable Development Goals

The Addis Ababa Action Plan outlined at the Third International Conference on Development Funds provided concrete policies and measures to support the implementation of the new agenda. Utilization and effectiveness will depend on countries with sustainable development policies, plans, and programs, and will be led by countries. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) will be a compass for aligning international programs with their global commitments. Nationally and nationally managed sustainable development strategies will require resource integration and funding strategies. All participants: governments, civil society organizations, the private sector, and others, are likely to play their part in attaining the new agenda. Renewed international cooperation at the international level is needed to support national efforts. This is well known in the 2030 Agenda. The multi-stakeholder engagement has been recognized as an integral part of the strategy that seeks to motivate all stakeholders in the new system.

Monitoring of Sustainable Development Goals

At the global level, the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the 169 goals of the new agenda will be considered and reviewed using a set of global indicators. The international framework, which will be developed by the Inter-Agency and the Expert Group on SDG Indicators (IAEA-SDGs), will be approved by the UN Statistics Commission in March 2016 by the Economic and Social Council and the National Council. Governments will also develop their own national indicators that will help monitor the progress made towards goals and objectives. Key statistics from the Member States apply to the objective of having two objectives for each target. There will be about 300 indicators for all purposes. When objectives include shortcuts, however, the number of indicators can be reduced. The monitoring and review process will be informed by the annual SDG Progress Report which will be prepared by the Secretary-General. Annual meetings of the High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development will play a key role in reviewing the progress towards the SDGs at the international level. Strategies for the implementation of the SDGs will be considered and reviewed as set out in the Addis Ababa Action Agenda, the outcome document of the Third International Conference on Development Finance, to ensure that financial resources are effectively integrated to support the new sustainable development agenda.

Support for Sustainable Development 17 Goals

Implementation measures including how to integrate financial resources to achieve a sustainable development agenda are a key element of the news agenda. In order to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), more investment will be needed, both in developed and developing countries. This agenda will require the consolidation of essential resources – 1n billion dollars. But these resources already exist. There are far enough savings in the world to pay for a new agenda. How you can direct investment to support sustainable development will be critical to achieving our goals. Resources need to be collected from domestic and international sources, as well as from the public and private sectors. Formal development assistance is still needed to help those most in need, including the least developed countries, achieve sustainable development.

Adaptation to Climate Change

Climate change is already affecting public health, food, and water security, human migration, peace, and security. Climate change, left unchecked, will reverse the progress we have made over the decades and will make some benefits impossible. Investing in sustainable development will help address climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions and building resilience. On the other hand, action on climate change will drive sustainable development. Addressing climate change and promoting sustainable development are issues that strengthen the common currency race; Sustainable development cannot be achieved without climate action. On the other hand, many SDGs are at the forefront of climate change drivers.

Comparison with the Millennium Development Goals

The 179 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) with 169 goals are broader and more advanced than the MDGs by addressing the root causes of poverty and global development that works for all. The goals include three aspects of sustainable development: economic growth, social inclusion, and environmental protection. Building on the success and sustainability of the MDGs, the new global goals include the world, with a desire to address inequality, economic growth, decent work, cities, and human settlements, industry, oceans, environment, energy, climate change, sustainable use, and production, peace, and justice. The new goals apply to all countries and apply to all countries, and the MDGs were intended only for developing countries. A key feature of the SDGs is their strong focus on implementation initiatives – mobilizing financial resources to build capacity and technology, as well as data and institutions. New goals recognize that tackling climate change is critical to sustainable development and poverty alleviation. SDG 13 aims to promote emergency measures to combat climate change and its impacts. An overview of Pakistan’s progress in the eight Millennium Development Goals is shown in Annexure A.

Overview of the SDGs of Pakistan Scenario

In the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) there is a solution to Pakistan’s three challenges: development, democracy, and security. That said, the SDGs will provide the glue that holds this weak triangle. Implementing the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, if achieved as an integrated policy package, will also lead to long-term economic success, human and environmental development. However, without external threats, a bad card meeting the 17 SDGs and the 169 goals set by the United Nations would be a major, non-traditional threat to national security. That means it is time to address 17 of the social and economic risks to Pakistan’s security and progress, if goals remain unfulfilled, especially those related to the fight against poverty, sexual exploitation, and climate change.

Expanded in all areas of Government

The SDGs reduce all spheres of government – from health and education to eradicating poverty and achieving gender equality, to tackling climate change and sustainable use of natural resources. The objectives support good governance and include three aspects of sustainable economic development, social inclusion, and environmental sustainability. These are ambitious and complex goals that require transparent institutions and unwavering commitment to the provision of resources in the national campaign for ten and a half years. And that means a strong commitment like that of getting nuclear technology. Current and future leadership and military leadership will need to follow this commitment.

Choices Open for Selection

If these goals and objectives are too high for the country’s resource capacity, Pakistan may decide to choose half, or one-third, during this first phase. While learning to deliver integrated policies and guidelines based on the sector, the government can increase its ambition. There is no international obligation to sign for all purposes, targets, or indicators. The desire of government must be matched by its ability to make changes in policies and institutions. Most national and provincial policies and programs are formulated and not supported by strong sources, timelines, or strong political will. Provinces, therefore, will need to fight for and drive the localization and prioritization process. If the history of standing projects is an indication, leaving the decision-makers at the state level will be dangerous and very high in the current political culture. Therefore, the provincial government must provide additional support to certain SDGs through the National Treasury’s awards for these objectives that will adhere strictly to the province’s annual development plans.

The success of the Planning Commission

Fortunately, the Planning Commission has begun to involve provincial and development departments (P8DDs) that will serve as the catalysts for the construction of 113 specialized SDG facilities. Other provinces can learn from Sindh, where the government of Prime Minister Murad Ali Shah has taken the lead in implementing these development goals. But most importantly work on building the skills of those who have a first job and doing real work on developed development projects. The bottom line is this: all expenditure on the SDGs in public spending needs to be monitored through the same budget coding system, and individual projects within the provincial annual development plans must be aligned with the SDG indicators. This will provide rare opportunities to improve provincial cooperation in development programs where policy requires compliance with the SDGs. In addition, political parties must work to incorporate sustainable development into the national discourse. Their manifesto may highlight social and economic issues, but ensuring that they comply with the SDGs will make the election debate more specific rather than broader promises. National and provincial conventions can also guide this process; especially since the provincial government has already established a neutral parliamentary delegation consisting of national and provincial parliaments, and allocating funds. The group must work with think tanks and the Pakistan Institute of Parliamentary Services. This, in turn, will encourage the media and their political experts to follow up almost immediately.

Archaic Methods Budget Planning

In addition, Pakistan is being unnecessarily beaten in the traditional way of budget planning. Over the years, the state has made a name for itself as it continues to promote, or monitor, social welfare projects, which has led to negative publicity and scandals. Whether the SDGs will provide an opportunity to review the way the government is doing and making progress is something that needs to be explored. In the interim, national and provincial governments need to regulate the administrative frameworks and accountability mechanisms essential at state and local levels. This should not be stopped. Accordingly, P & DDs will need to meet six requirements for the effective implementation of the SDGs: management and oversight, objectives, and mechanisms for setting implementation indicators, coordinating, budgeting, and finally, transfer resources. 

Going forward, new models of public-private partnerships need to be explored. Policymakers should flinch by actively connecting the private sector, research universities, think tanks, and the public, including trained organizations. The SDGs are perhaps the best way to lift more than 50 million people out of poverty by earning less than $ 2 a day by enriching their lives and livelihoods. The delivery of these goals will also enhance Pakistan’s emerging capabilities as one of the world’s leading economies and, while doing so, strengthen national security.


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3 Comments

Unknown · July 12, 2021 at 12:26 am

Nice….. Comprehensive…

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