Paris Agreement Goals (COP-21) & US Politics
Paris Agreement Goals (COP-21) & US Politics
What Is the Paris Agreement?
The Paris Accord, which virtually every country signed in 2015 to combat climate change and its adverse repercussions is a landmark international agreement. The agreement aims to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions considerably in order to keep global warming below 2 degrees Celsius this century, while also looking at methods to keep it below 1.5 degrees.
As part of the agreement, the major polluting countries have promised to cut their pollution and strengthen their commitments over time. There is a framework for transparent monitoring, reporting, and ratcheting up of nations’ individual and collective climate objectives in the agreement; additionally, there is a mechanism for wealthier countries to provide assistance to developing countries in their climate mitigation and adaptation efforts.
The Paris Agreement’s History
The Paris Agreement negotiated over two weeks in Paris during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) 21st Conference of the Parties (COP 21) and adopted on December 12, 2015, marked a historic turning point in global climate action, with world leaders reaching an agreement that included commitments from 195 countries to combat climate change and adapt to its effects. Because the agreement placed no new legal obligations on the United States, President Barack Obama was given executive power to legally join the country into it under international law.
Because of legislation passed by Congress, the United States already has several tools in place to limit carbon emissions. In September 2016, the country formally joined the pact after submitting an application for membership. The Paris Agreement could not take effect until at least 55 countries, representing at least 55 percent of global emissions, had formally joined. On October 5, 2016, this occurred, and the agreement entered into effect 30 days later, on November 4, 2016.
How Many Countries Are in the Paris Agreement?
Since 2015, the Paris Agreement has been endorsed by 197 countries, representing nearly every country on the planet, with the most recent signatory being war-torn Syria. 190 of them have signed off on their support in writing. Iran, Turkey and Iraq are the three largest emitters that have yet to formally join the agreement.
The Paris agreement Goals and Trump
Trump, a climate skeptic who has often described climate change as a “hoax,” followed through on his campaign vow to remove the United States from the Paris Agreement on November 4, 2020, one day after the 2020 presidential election. Even a polite departure can be reestablished since the President-elect or the president-elect will return.
Despite Trump’s statement in 2017, US envoys continued to participate—as required—in UN climate talks to finalize the agreement’s specifics. Meanwhile, thousands more leaders around the country stepped up to fill the hole left by the federal government’s lack of climate leadership, reflecting the overwhelming support for the Paris Agreement among Americans. There has been a groundswell of participation in efforts like as America’s Pledge, the United States Climate Alliance, We Are Still In, and the American Cities Climate Challenge among local and state politicians, business leaders, universities, and individual citizens. At the local, regional, and national levels, the complementary and often overlapping initiatives attempt to deepen and accelerate efforts to combat climate change.
The Paris Agreement and Biden
President Biden submitted a letter to the United Nations on his first day in office, publicly declaring that the US would rejoin the Paris Agreement. The country was re-entered thirty days later, on February 19, 2021 (as required). This new age of American climate leadership is our last and best chance to right course in the global fight against climate change. In reality, Biden’s climate plan is the most extensive ever undertaken by a US president, and he plans to encourage world leaders to cut emissions even more aggressively than the Paris Agreement’s goals. As Vice President Biden and Vice President Harris work to free the country from the hold of the COVID-19 pandemic, they may do so in ways that promote climate justice and a clean energy economy.
Summary of the Paris Agreement
The 32-page document lays out a framework for global climate action, including mitigation and adaptation to climate change, transparency reporting and goal-setting, and assistance to developing nations.