Health and Safety-Moral & Social Reasons

Health and Safety
Health and Safety

Moral Reasons for Maintaining Health and Safety

The occupational accident and disease rates back up the moral arguments. Every year, the ILO estimates that 2.2 million people are injured at work or contract work-related diseases around the world. Every year, roughly 270 million workplace accidents occur, with 160 million people suffering from work-related illnesses because of Health and Safety negligence.

Health and Safety
Health and Safety

Moral Reasons For Health and Safety Environment

According to the International Labor Organization, work-related accidents, and illnesses account for

  • 3.9 % of all deaths,
  •  15% of the world’s population experiences a minor or major occupational accident or disease in any given year.

A large percentage of the unemployed – up to 30% – claim to be suffering from an injury or disease that occurred while they were employed. The number of fatal workplace accidents is on the rise, particularly in Asia and Latin America.

Accident Rates

An employee should not be exposed to the risk of injury or death at work, and others should not be exposed to the work environment. Accidents at work can cause significant injury or even death. Although, in later chapters, accident rates are discussed in greater detail. A major accident is a serious accident that usually results in a limb fracture or a hospital stay of more than 24 hours. An accident that lasts more than three days is known as an “over 3-day accident.” a period of time away from work Workers’ compensation statistics are compiled for all people injured at work, not just employees. Because of the significant under-reporting in many countries, caution should be exercised when quoting global workplace accident/incident data.

Disease Rates

Work-related illness and disease can result in time away from work and, in some cases, death. Such events may also result in costs to the government (such as Industrial Injuries Schemes) and individual employers (sick pay and, possibly, compensation payments).

Work-related diseases are the leading cause of death among workers. The work-related disease accounts for nearly four-fifths of the 2.2 million work-related deaths each year. The International Labor Organization (ILO) estimates that 160 million cases of the work-related disease occur each year. If non-recorded, part-time, child, and other informal sector workers are included, this estimate for the 2.8 billion global workforces is reasonable.

Each year, hazardous substances claim the lives of approximately 438 000 workers.

  • Asbestos alone claims the lives of 100,000 people.

The majority of the other deaths are caused by cancers of various types.

  • Silicosis, which affects 37% of Latin American miners, is another major killer.

There were an estimated 2.1 million people in the UK suffering from a work-related illness in 2007/08 with 563 000 new cases in that year. This resulted in the loss of 28 million working days, compared to 6 million days were lost due to workplace injuries. 5700 cases have been assessed for industrial injuries disablement benefit in the last three years. Vibration white finger, carpal tunnel syndrome, and respiratory diseases were the most common.

Musculoskeletal Disorders

Musculoskeletal disorders resulted in the loss of 8.8 million working days. It results in an average of 21 days off work per sufferer. Stress, depression, and anxiety resulted in the loss of 13.5 million working days, with each sufferer taking an average of 31 days off work. According to recent research, one out of every five people who take a six-week sick leave will stay off work permanently, leaving paid employment. According to the World Health Organization workplace activities are responsible for:

  • 37 % of low back pain
  • 16 % of hearing loss
  • 13 % of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • 11 % of asthma
  • 8% of injuries

Social Reasons

Employers owe a duty of care to each of their employees as well as others who may be affected by their projects, such as contractors and members of the public, in all countries. This responsibility cannot be delegated to others, even if a consultant is hired to provide health and safety advice or the employees are subcontracted to work for another company.

This task can be divided into five categories. Employers are required to:

  1. Create a safe working environment, including access and egress;
  2. Ensure that the plant and equipment are in good working order;
  3. Establish a safe working environment;
  4. Provide safe and knowledgeable coworkers; and
  5. Adequate supervision, information, instruction, and training are provided.

Many countries accept that without the extra ‘encouragement’ of potential regulatory action or litigation, many organizations would not act on their implied moral obligations, so occupational health and safety requirements may be reinforced in national civil law and/or criminal law.

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1 Response

  1. August 26, 2021

    […] Three main Reasons are Moral, Social and Legal […]

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