Environmental Geography

Environmental Geography is defined as, “Branch of geography that describes and explains the spatial aspects of interactions between humans and societies; and, their natural environment”, it is also called Integrated Geography or Human-Environment Geography. 

Traditionally, geography has been thought of as the scientific study of diverse locations on the globe. The modernistic perspective, on the other hand, encompasses not only natural and landform designations on the earth, but also human demography, economic activity, cultural-historical development, social institutions, and climates. The interconnections between these fundamental aspects help us comprehend how humans shape the environment directly or indirectly.

Environmental geography addresses issues, including

1.     Nature, Sustainability and Biodiversity

2.     Uncertainty and Risk to geographical features due to environmental activities

3. The scale of Environmental activities Vulnerability and Resilience to Environmental Change

4.     Ecological and Social Perspectives: Commodification of environment

5.     Earth-System Science: Land Change (Systems) Science Ecology: Natural and Political

6.     Quaternary Geography and the Human Past: Environmental History

7.     Landscape, Culture, and Regional Studies

8.     Ecological Modernization and Industrial Transformation

9.     Marxist Political Economy and the Environment (Environmental exploitation of capitalist class)

10. Remote Sensing and Earth Observation Modeling and Simulation

11. Integrated Assessment of Environment and geography

12. Ethnography

13. Deliberative and Participatory Approaches in Environmental Management

14. Ecosystem Prediction and Management

15. Environment and Development: Natural Hazards

16. Environmental Governance

17. Tragedy of Commons

18. Water Crisis

19. Energy Transformations and Geographic Research

20. Food and Agriculture in a Globalizing World: Environment and Health

Environmental Geography
Environmental Geography

Important Concepts

Environmental science and geography are the studies of how the natural world works and how humans affect the environment and vice versa. Environmental geography places a strong emphasis on how objects interact in space, such as the link between pollution and climate change and human or ecosystem health, or the spread of exotic species and their effects on native species. The following are some key concepts in environmental geography:


It includes the study of anthropogenic and natural disasters.

Energy and Resource Geography

It studies the spatial placement, interrelations, place-based effects, and human-environment connections of natural resources and natural generations.

Political Ecology

It incorporates political, economic, cultural, and social systems into the study of the environment and ecological change. It studies interdependencies and interrelationships between human and environmental systems.

Environmental Perception

It studies both individual and group understanding of the environment, the creation of those understandings, and their impacts on decision making.

Landscape Studies

It studies the interactions of humans and the environment in concrete areas.

Contemporary Focus

The connections between human and physical geography used to be more obvious than they are now. The interactions between humans and the environment have often become masked as the human experience of the world is increasingly mediated by technology. As a result, environmental geography is a crucial set of analytical tools for measuring the environmental impact of human presence. This is accomplished by determining how human activity affects natural landforms and cycles. Remote sensing and geographic information systems are two methods for gathering this data. 

Environmental geography allows us to think about the environment in terms of how it affects humans. Environmental geography allows us to examine various social science and humanities viewpoints and their application to human-environment processes. As a result, it is regarded as the third field of geography, alongside physical and human geography. It necessitates a grasp of physical geography dynamics as well as how human societies conceptualize the environment (human geography).



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