Ecology Movement 1970 – History
Ecology Movement – An Introduction
Ecology Movement Definition:
According to Rootes, Christopher (1999) “The environmental movements are conceived as a broad network of people and organizations engaged in collective action in pursuit of environmental benefits”. Hence, the environmental movement would be any social movement that focuses on environmental protection and acts to bring changes in environmental policies and practices. This movement is also known as ‘Ecology Movement, Conservation Movement, and Green Politics‘.
- Environmental Movements- The Dawn of Environmental Concerns
Environmental movements are the most powerful social tool in action across the globe in contemporary times. It was very these movements that can set the stage for environmental concerns and finally culminated into various conferences and policies. Thanks to these movements, the environmental agenda arose in the North in the 1960s, while in the south it rose to eminence in the 1980s. Without these environmental movements there would have been no United Nation Conferences on Global Warming and Population control, no governments would have focused on greener legislative frameworks.
- EARLY AWARENESS AND MAJOR GOALS
Emphasis on the environment started with the environmental repercussions of the Industrial Revolution.
Alarms for environmental protection & conservation were first felt in top Industrialized democracies including the USA, UK, France, and Germany, etc. These movements pressurized governments for taking legislative and administrative actions. The first legislation was passed in Britain name Alkali Act, 1863 to regulate the deleterious air pollution given by the Leblanc Process used to produce Soda Ash.
- Goals of Ecology Movement
1. Create Reusable products.
2. Ensure Sustainability.
3. Pollution & Waste Reduction.
4. Innovation to develop alternative technologies.
5. Encourage Viability economic activity around technologies & products beneficial to the environment.
- Main Leaders and Writings of the Environmental Movements
Her book, “Silent Spring” started the environmental movement- It highlighted how harmful pesticides are, as she says in the book, “they should be called biocides, not insecticides”.
His documentary “Inconvenient Truth” warned mankind about global warming. He maintained the optimistic tone as he said, “The good news is we know what to do. The good news is, we have everything we need to know to respond to the challenge of global warming. We have all the essential technologies; more are being developed, and as they become accessible and become more reasonable when produced in scale, they will make it easier to retort. But we should not wait, we cannot wait, we must not wait”.
Known as the father of American forestry, he developed things like selective cutting and planting to keep forests healthy and productive.
Being a philosophical environmentalist, he believed that nature should be preserved in its natural form to protect the dignity of the land.
He planted 5 national parks and 150 national forests.
STEWART LEE UDALL:
His Book, “Quiet Crises”- Discusses the environmental history of the United States and also places emphasis on conservation.
In his book “Before Nature Dies”- Assess the effects of the industrial revolution and the scientific revolution on the wildlife of the whole earth, and shows the need for conservation.
“On The Shred of Cloud- Reflections On The Man And His Environment”- This book elucidates man’s influence on nature and the relationship they maintain. Moreover, environmental pollution and waste management are discussed.