Agenda 21 United Nations is an action plan of the UN related to sustainable development and was an outcome of the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) held in Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, in 1992. A comprehensive blueprint of action to be taken globally, nationally, and locally by organizations of the UN governments, and major groups in every area in which humans directly affect the environment. It recognizes that governments are largely responsible for sustainable development and that national strategies, plans, and policies are required.

Agenda 21’s goals necessitate significant assistance for developing countries. Money is also required for international entities to carry out Agenda 21’s recommendations. Countries that have ratified Agenda 21 are encouraged to protect and conserve their natural resources and habitats on a local and national level. Agenda 21 tackles social and environmental problems, including air pollution, deforestation, biodiversity loss, health, overpopulation, poverty, waste production, and transport and energy consumption. Agenda 21 is a program run by Un on sustainable development. it is a comprehensive program run globally, nationally, locally. word ’21’ refers to the 21st century. It was submitted at the Earth Summit in 1992. this document contains 900 pages, 4 sections, and 40 chapters.

Agenda 21 United Nations
Agenda 21 United Nations


The contents of the document are divided into four sections:

  • Section 1: Social and Economic Aspect – Poverty, Consumption, Health, Sustainable settlement and population
  • Section 2: Conservation/Management of Resources: Atmosphere, Deforestation, and Biodiversity
  • Section 3: Stakeholders Importance and Role: Particularly women, youth, locals, NGOs, and Industries
  • Section 4: Implementation Mechanism – Education, Science, Transfer of Technology (TOT), institutions and Financial Mechanism
  • Evolution of Agenda 21:

The evolution of Agenda 21 United Nations was done in three events:

  • Rio+5, 1997 – Special session to appraise in which the performance was declared uneven.
  • Rio+10, 2002 – WSSD was conducted in which UN members gave their commitment to full implementation of Agenda 21
  • Rio+20, 2012 – UN Conference on Sustainable Development was held
  • Implementation Hierarchy 

The implementation of Agenda 21 United Nations is carried out at three levels:

  • At a local level where such programs are often called ‘Local Agenda 21’ or ‘LA21’
  • At the national level and this level is monitored by the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs Divisions to evaluate progress
  • At the global level by UNEP as a major body.

Key Agenda 21 United Nations Focuses

Following environmental issues is the key focus of Agenda 21 United Nations

Sustainable development: 

Sustainable development encourages the conservation and preservation of natural resources and of the environment. If we are to achieve sustainable development, we must all adjust our views toward our current lifestyles and the influence they have on the environment.

Conservation and Preservation: 

The sustainable use and management of natural resources, such as animals, air, water, and Earth deposits, is known as conservation. Tree conservation is ensuring that they are not depleted faster than they can be replenished. Development, according to conservationists, is important for a brighter future, but only if the changes are not wasteful. Preservation aims to keep portions of the planet that have been unspoiled by people in their current state. Farming, industry, housing, tourism, and other human projects are encroaching on many areas, and we are losing many really natural settings.


Heating, electricity, industry, construction, and transportation all require energy. Coal, oil, and gas are nonrenewable fossil fuels. The average person in the United Kingdom consumes 35 times more energy than someone in Pakistan. Solar, wind, and hydroelectric power are examples of renewable energy sources. Agenda 21 mandates that countries improve the percentage of energy supplied by renewable energy sources that do not emit greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming.


Our ecosystem is being harmed by transportation, which emits chemicals that cause acid rain, poor air quality, and global warming. Governments must slow the rate of traffic growth and enhance vehicle performance. People must be encouraged to reduce their reliance on automobiles and increase their use of public transportation.


We have to dispose of more rubbish as we produce more. Sustainable waste management promotes the development of less trash, the reuse of consumables, and the recycling of waste. Paper, plastics, glass, metals, foods, chemicals, oils, bricks, and wood are all examples of waste. The United Kingdom is attempting to minimize, reuse, recycle, and recover garbage.

#Environmentalist #Blogger #HSE Consultant #Pakistani


Murshid Saif · July 12, 2021 at 1:37 am


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